Guide The Millennium Development Goals Report 2012

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Search for:. Rollup Image. Page Content Millennium Development Goals, targets and indicators Page Content 2. In September , world leaders came together at the United Nations Headquarters in New York to adopt the United Nations Millennium Declaration, committing their nations to a new global partnership to reduce extreme poverty and setting out a series of time-bound targets - with a deadline of - that have become know as the Millennium Development Goals MDGs.

The MDGs recognize the contribution that developed countries can make through trade, development assistance, debt relief, and technology transfer. The silver lining, however, is that aid is increasingly directed towards gender issues. You are now subscribed to our newsletters.

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Yes, Continue. Your session has expired, please login again. In India for instance, in areas with female-led local councils the number of drinking water projects was 62 per cent higher than in those with male-led councils, while in Norway, evidence shows a direct relationship between the number of women in municipal councils and childcare coverage they enacted. UN Women works to enact and implement equal economic rights for all.

Legislation on equal pay for equal work, better access to employment opportunities, equality in hiring and promotions, leave and unemployment benefits, freedom from sexual harassment in the workplace, and other critical rights are increasingly being legislated.

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With some electoral gains in Iraq, women candidates work towards change. Amid violence-fraught local and regional elections, in which 14 candidates were killed, women contenders were trained by UN Women and the Iraq Foundation. Many emerged successful and thanks to a quota law, women will probably hold 26 per cent of seats on local councils across Iraq.

Target: Reduce by two thirds, between and , the under-five mortality rate. Worldwide, the mortality rate for children under five dropped by 41 per cent—from 87 deaths per 1, live births in to 48 in Despite this enormous accomplishment, more rapid progress is needed to meet the target of a two-thirds reduction in child deaths. Children are also at greater risk of dying before age five if they are born in rural areas or to a mother denied basic education.

Physiologically, boys are less likely to survive than girls. Still, Southern Asia provides exceptions to this trend as mortality rates still reflect practices related to son preference in some countries. UN Women works with partners to prioritize care of mothers.

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Adequate nourishment and care during pregnancy and childbirth could prevent three of the four million infant deaths in the first four weeks of life. Literate mothers are more likely to bring sick children for treatment at an earlier stage and seek medical services. All of these practices lower infant and child mortality rates. UN Women also focuses on fighting discrimination against girls— which can include female infanticide and systematic neglect.

More commonly, unequal sharing of food and resources fuels higher under-five death rates for girls than boys. Ensuring equitable access for the most vulnerable women and girls to health services is also key to bringing down child mortality.

The gender dimension of the Millennium Development Goals Report 2013

Particularly vulnerable groups, such as girls who live away from their parents or who are out of school as well as women and girls who have recently migrated to cities or are domestic workers, often fall outside the attention of social service delivery and protective social networks and must be targeted to reduce child mortality. After attending workshops by UN Women, women in 16 villages are learning to organize and have a say in health policies, which have yielded improvements in the health of their children.

In one community, their advocacy resulted in a health centre which provides immunization and free essential medicine for children. We bring you the story of Savrukhon Kholmatova, who had to care for her own four children and three orphaned disabled nieces and nephews. Globally, the maternal mortality ratio declined by 47 per cent over the past two decades, from maternal deaths per , live births in to in All regions have made progress, but meeting the MDG target of reducing the ratio by three-quarters will require accelerated interventions.

Worldwide, unmet need for family planning dropped from 15 per cent in to 12 per cent in , driven by progress in developing regions. By , total demand for family planning among married women is projected to grow to more than million, mostly due to population growth — an indication of the unfinished agenda in reproductive health and the scale of efforts needed to keep pace. UN Women works to end practices that bring danger to mother and child. Child marriage, female genital cutting, dietary restrictions, and all other forms of violence and discrimination against women must end if maternal mortality is to be reduced.

The gender dimension of the Millennium Development Goals Report | UN Women – Headquarters

Girls who marry young have fewer opportunities to go to school, less say in household decision-making, and are more likely to experience domestic violence. They are exposed to the risks of early pregnancy and childbirth, the leading cause of death for girls aged 15 to 19 in developing countries.

Women die for lack of family planning, inability to negotiate the number and spacing of their children, lack of money to pay for transport to and for skilled birth attendance or emergency obstetric care, and from violence. One in three maternal deaths related to pregnancy and childbirth could be avoided if women who wanted effective contraception had access to it. UN Women also seeks to increase the share of women in decision-making positions in the health sector. Women at all levels of health services can make sure the specific health needs of women and girls are not neglected, can ensure attention to local health care provision, the front line providers of health care to most women, and can help to redress inequalities in health outcomes and access that exist in every region.

Ensuring mothers do not die when giving life. Syrian women refugees face forced early marriages and restricted mobility: UN Women report.

However, HIV remains the leading cause of death for women of reproductive age worldwide. Every minute, a young woman is infected with HIV. Young women are more vulnerable to HIV infection due to a complex interplay of physiological factors and gender inequality.

Because of their low economic and social status in many countries, women and girls are often at a disadvantage when it comes to negotiating safer sex and accessing HIV prevention information and services. By the end of , some 9. The target of universal access, however, was not reached.